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10 Degrees AOA

April 10, 2018

Low AOA for windsurfing sail has been always challenging because this is where cambered, classical sail gives up. Great example of this is Foiling, where friction with water is greatly reduced and operating sail with high AOA is impossible. This is why foilers are using low cambered, tight leech sails. But the expense of the low camber is efficiency. One of the good properties of thick profile is ability to generate good amount of  lift at low AOA. What's the reason curved plate thin profile stops working at low AOA?  Lower (windward) surface at these angles develops low pressure pocket  and with air speed increase, that low pressure will create opposite lift. Such a phenomena actually caused many fatalities in early hang gliding accidents. 

 

Image below shows how different pressure redistribution is on thin and thick profiles.